nerc.ac.uk

Macrofossil evidence for a rapid and severe Cretaceous-Paleogene mass extinction in Antarctica

Witts, James D.; Whittle, Rowan J.; Wignall, Paul B.; Crame, J. Alistair; Francis, Jane E.; Newton, Robert J.; Bowman, Vanessa C.. 2016 Macrofossil evidence for a rapid and severe Cretaceous-Paleogene mass extinction in Antarctica. Nature Communications, 7, 11738. 10.1038/ncomms11738

Before downloading, please read NORA policies.
[img]
Preview
Text
ncomms11738.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution 4.0.

Download (1MB) | Preview

Abstract/Summary

Debate continues about the nature of the Cretaceous–Paleogene (K–Pg) mass extinction event. An abrupt crisis triggered by a bolide impact contrasts with ideas of a more gradual extinction involving flood volcanism or climatic changes. Evidence from high latitudes has also been used to suggest that the severity of the extinction decreased from low latitudes towards the poles. Here we present a record of the K–Pg extinction based on extensive assemblages of marine macrofossils (primarily new data from benthic molluscs) from a highly expanded Cretaceous–Paleogene succession: the López de Bertodano Formation of Seymour Island, Antarctica. We show that the extinction was rapid and severe in Antarctica, with no significant biotic decline during the latest Cretaceous, contrary to previous studies. These data are consistent with a catastrophic driver for the extinction, such as bolide impact, rather than a significant contribution from Deccan Traps volcanism during the late Maastrichtian.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1038/ncomms11738
Programmes: BAS Programmes > Antarctic Funding Initiative Projects
BAS Programmes > BAS Programmes 2015 > Biodiversity, Evolution and Adaptation
BAS Programmes > BAS Programmes 2015 > Palaeo-Environments, Ice Sheets and Climate Change
ISSN: 20411723
NORA Subject Terms: Earth Sciences
Date made live: 01 Mar 2016 14:53 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/513164

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

Downloads for past 30 days

Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...