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The nature of the CO2-concentrating mechanisms in a marine diatom, Thalassiosira pseudonana

Clement, Romain; Dimnet, Laura; Maberly, Stephen C.; Gontero, Brigitte. 2016 The nature of the CO2-concentrating mechanisms in a marine diatom, Thalassiosira pseudonana. New Phytologist, 209 (4). 1417-1427. 10.1111/nph.13728

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Abstract/Summary

• Diatoms are widespread in aquatic ecosystems where they may be limited by the supply of inorganic carbon. Their carbon dioxide concentrating mechanisms (CCM) involving transporters and carbonic anhydrases (CAs) are well known, but the contribution of a biochemical CCM involving C4 metabolism is contentious. • The CCM(s) present in the marine centric diatom, Thalassiosira pseudonana, was studied in cells exposed to high or low concentrations of CO2, using a range of approaches. • At low CO2, cells possessed a CCM based on active uptake of CO2 (70% contribution) and bicarbonate, while at high CO2, cells were restricted to CO2. CA was highly and rapidly activated on transfer to low CO2 and played a key role because inhibition of external CA produced uptake kinetics similar to cells grown at high CO2. • The activities of PEP carboxylase (PEPCase) and the PEP regenerating enzyme, pyruvate phosphate dikinase (PPDK), were lower in cells grown at low than at high CO2. The ratios of PEPCase and PPDK to ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase were substantially lower than one even at low CO2. • Our data suggest that the kinetic properties of this species results from a biophysical CCM and not from C4 type metabolism.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1111/nph.13728
CEH Sections: Parr
ISSN: 0028-646X
Additional Keywords: bicarbonate use, carbon dioxide-concentrating mechanism (CCM), CO2, diatom, photosynthesis, Thalassiosira pseudonana
NORA Subject Terms: Marine Sciences
Biology and Microbiology
Date made live: 04 Feb 2016 12:22 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/512841

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