nerc.ac.uk

Offspring hormones reflect the maternal prenatal social environment: Potential for foetal programming?

Meise, Kristine; von Engelhardt, Nikolaus; Forcada, Jaume; Hoffman, Joseph Ivan. 2016 Offspring hormones reflect the maternal prenatal social environment: Potential for foetal programming? PLOS ONE, 11 (1), e0145352. 10.1371/journal.pone.0145352

Before downloading, please read NORA policies.
[img]
Preview
Text
Meise.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (891kB) | Preview

Abstract/Summary

Females of many species adaptively program their offspring to predictable environmental conditions, a process that is often mediated by hormones. Laboratory studies have shown, for instance, that social density affects levels of maternal cortisol and testosterone, leading to fitness-relevant changes in offspring physiology and behaviour. However, the effects of social density remain poorly understood in natural populations due to the difficulty of disentangling confounding influences such as climatic variation and food availability. Colonially breeding marine mammals offer a unique opportunity to study maternal effects in response to variable colony densities under similar ecological conditions. We therefore quantified maternal and offspring hormone levels in 84 Antarctic fur seals (Arctocephalus gazella) from two closely neighbouring colonies of contrasting density. Hair samples were used as they integrate hormone levels over several weeks or months and therefore represent in utero conditions during foetal development. We found significantly higher levels of cortisol and testosterone (both P < 0.001) in mothers from the high density colony, reflecting a more stressful and competitive environment. In addition, offspring testosterone showed a significant positive correlation with maternal cortisol (P < 0.05). Although further work is needed to elucidate the potential consequences for offspring fitness, these findings raise the intriguing possibility that adaptive foetal programming might occur in fur seals in response to the maternal social environment. They also lend support to the idea that hormonally mediated maternal effects may depend more strongly on the maternal regulation of androgen rather than cortisol levels.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1371/journal.pone.0145352
Programmes: BAS Programmes > BAS Programmes 2015 > Ecosystems
ISSN: 1932-6203
Date made live: 27 Jan 2016 09:21 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/512727

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

Downloads for past 30 days

Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...