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Parameterization of intrawave ripple-averaged sediment pickup above steep ripples

Amoudry, L.O.; Souza, A.J.; Thorne, P.D.; Liu, P.L.-F.. 2016 Parameterization of intrawave ripple-averaged sediment pickup above steep ripples. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 121 (1). 658-673. 10.1002/2015JC011185

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Accepted for publication in JGR Oceans. © 2015 American Geophysical Union. Further reproduction or electronic distribution is not permitted.
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Abstract/Summary

Near-bed sediment pickup is critical for predictions of intrawave suspension and in turn net sediment transport in coastal models. In the present study, numerical results from a two-dimensional Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes model are used to assess the functional relationship of intrawave ripple-averaged sediment pickup above steep ripples. The numerical model provides intrawave time histories of ripple-averaged near-bed velocities and turbulence, which are qualitatively interrogated to determine pickup functional relationships. Several specific sediment pickup formulations are implemented within the numerical model: expressions relating pickup to near-bed velocity or near-bed turbulent kinetic energy via the bed shear stress; and expressions relating pickup to near-bed shear production of turbulent kinetic energy. These are then tested via model-data comparisons of near-bed suspended sediment concentration. The results show that the traditional functions relating sediment pickup to near-bed velocity cannot lead to reasonable intrawave suspension predictions above vortex ripples under a ripple-averaged framework. Instead, relating sediment pickup to near-bed turbulence quantities, such as turbulent kinetic energy or shear production of turbulent kinetic energy, significantly improves the numerical predictions for these conditions. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1002/2015JC011185
ISSN: 2169-9291
Additional Keywords: sediment transport; rippled beds; pickup function; modelling
Date made live: 15 Dec 2015 10:56 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/512430

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