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Screening study of leaf terpene concentration of 75 Borneo rainforest plant species: relationships with leaf elemental concentrations and morphology

Sardans, Jordi; Llusia, Joan; Owen, Susan M.; Niinemets, Ülo; Peñuelas, Josep. 2015 Screening study of leaf terpene concentration of 75 Borneo rainforest plant species: relationships with leaf elemental concentrations and morphology. Records of Natural Products, 9 (1). 19-40.

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Abstract/Summary

Terpenes confer advantage in plant protection against abiotic stresses such as heat and drought and biotic stresses such as herbivore and pathogen attack. We conducted a screening of leaf mono- and sesquiterpene concentrations in 75 common woody plant species in the rainforest of Danum Valley (Borneo). Terpene compounds were found in 73 out of the 75 analysed species. Similar or lower proportions have been reported in other parts of the world. To our knowledge, this study reports for the first time the foliar concentration of mono- and/or sesquiterpene for 71 species and 39 genera not previously analyzed. Altogether 80 terpene compounds were determined across the species, and out of these only linalool oxide and (E)- g -bisabolene had phylogenetic signal. A significant negative relationship between leaf monoterpene concentration and leaf length was observed, but leaf mono- and sesquitepene concentration were not related to any other leaf morphological trait nor to leaf elemental composition. Functions such as temperature protection, radiation protection or signaling and communication could underlie the high frequency of terpene-containing species of this tropical ecosystem which has multiple and very diverse interactions among multiple species.

Item Type: Publication - Article
CEH Sections: Dise
ISSN: 1307-6167
Additional Information. Not used in RCUK Gateway to Research.: Freely available online via Official URL link.
Additional Keywords: Borneo, herbivory, leaf morphology, LMA, nutrients, rain forest, sesquiterpenes, monoterpenes
NORA Subject Terms: Ecology and Environment
Botany
Date made live: 26 Nov 2015 12:00 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/512305

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