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The Late Mesoproterozoic Sirdal Magmatic Belt, SW Norway: relationships between magmatism and metamorphism and implications for Sveconorwegian orogenesis

Coint, N.; Slagstad, T.; Roberts, N.N.W.; Marker, M.; Røhr, T.; Sørensen, Bjørn E.. 2015 The Late Mesoproterozoic Sirdal Magmatic Belt, SW Norway: relationships between magmatism and metamorphism and implications for Sveconorwegian orogenesis. Precambrian Research, 265. 57-77. 10.1016/j.precamres.2015.05.002

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Abstract/Summary

The Late Mesoproterozoic Sveconorwegian Province is commonly correlated with the continent-collision related Grenville Province in eastern Canada. Recently, however, the evolution of the Sveconorwegian Province in SW Norway has been strongly debated, casting doubt on a direct correlation between these provinces. Metamorphism in SW Norway has traditionally been interpreted as representing a main collisional event between ca. 1030 and 970 Ma, followed by a contact metamorphic event at 930 Ma. Magmatism has been grouped into a ‘syn-collisional’ suite at 1050–1035 Ma, a ‘post-collisional’ suite at 980–930 Ma, and an anorthosite–mangerite–charnockite–granite (AMCG) suite at 930 Ma. New detailed mapping and geochronology in the area reveal a very different and much more complex evolution, and require re-evaluation of previously presented models. In this paper, we focus on the introduction and description of a newly discovered, ca. 200 km × 50 km magmatic belt, the Sirdal Magmatic Belt (SMB). Previously mapped as granitic gneisses in many areas, the existence of this large, commonly undeformed and unmetamorphosed granitoid batholith was only recognized a few years ago (Slagstad et al., 2013a). Magmatism in this belt between 1060 and 1020 Ma precedes and overlaps the main Sveconorwegian metamorphic event(s) that affected the region. Our observations of cross-cutting relationships between previously metamorphosed gneisses and SMB rocks indicate that at least one episode of amphibolite- to granulite-facies metamorphism occurred in the region during or prior to emplacement. A lack of widespread metamorphic overprinting and common preservation of igneous textures in most of the SMB indicate that high-grade Sveconorwegian metamorphism after ca. 1020 Ma was local rather than regional in SW Norway. The orogenic evolution of SW Norway is characterized by emplacement of large volumes of granitic magma and more localized UHT metamorphism, which is quite different from the widespread, long-lasting metamorphic evolution observed in the Grenville Province, and may point to different tectonic regimes for the two provinces.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1016/j.precamres.2015.05.002
ISSN: 03019268
Date made live: 08 Sep 2015 10:54 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/511737

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