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Impacts of local adaptation of forest trees on associations with herbivorous insects: implications for adaptive forest management

Sinclair, Frazer H.; Stone, Graham N.; Nicholls, James A.; Cavers, Stephen; Gibbs, Melanie; Butterill, Philip; Wagner, Stefanie; Ducousso, Alexis; Gerber, Sophie; Petit, Remy J.; Kremer, Antoine; Schonrogge, Karsten. 2015 Impacts of local adaptation of forest trees on associations with herbivorous insects: implications for adaptive forest management. Evolutionary Applications, 8 (10). 972-987. 10.1111/eva.12329

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Abstract/Summary

Disruption of species interactions is a key issue in climate change biology. Interactions involving forest trees may be particularly vulnerable due to evolutionary rate limitations imposed by long generation times. One mitigation strategy for such impacts is Climate matching – the augmentation of local native tree populations by input from non-local populations currently experiencing predicted future climates. This strategy is controversial because of potential cascading impacts on locally adapted animal communities. We explored these impacts using abundance data for local native gallwasp herbivores sampled from 20 provenances of sessile oak (Quercus petraea) planted in a common garden trial. We hypothesised that non-native provenances would show (i) declining growth performance with increasing distance between provenance origin and trial site, and (ii) phenological differences to local oaks that increased with latitudinal differences between origin and trial site. Under a local adaptation hypothesis, we predicted declining gallwasp abundance with increasing phenological mismatch between native and climate-matched trees. Both hypotheses for oaks were supported. Provenance explained significant variation in gallwasp abundance, but no gall type showed the relationship between abundance and phenological mismatch predicted by a local adaptation hypothesis. Our results show that climate matching would have complex and variable impacts on oak gall communities.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1111/eva.12329
CEH Sections: Pywell
Watt
ISSN: 1752-4563
Additional Information. Not used in RCUK Gateway to Research.: Open Access paper - full text available via Official URL link.
Additional Keywords: local adaptation, plant-insect interactions, population non-independence, climate matching, adaptive forest management,provenance trials, Quercus petraea, gallwasp
NORA Subject Terms: Ecology and Environment
Date made live: 02 Sep 2015 15:15 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/511711

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