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The deleterious effects of cortisol implantation on reproductive function in two species of trout, Salmo trutta L and Salmo gairdneri Richardson

Carragher, J.F.; Sumpter, J.P.; Pottinger, T.G.; Pickering, A.D.. 1989 The deleterious effects of cortisol implantation on reproductive function in two species of trout, Salmo trutta L and Salmo gairdneri Richardson. General and Comparative Endocrinology, 76 (2). 310-321. 10.1016/0016-6480(89)90163-9

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Abstract/Summary

Implantation of a cortisol-releasing pellet (60 mg/kg fish) into the peritoneal cavity of brown trout, Salmo trutta L. (sexually maturing males and females), and rainbow trout, Salmo gairdneri Richardson (maturing males and immature fish of both sexes), significantly elevated their plasma cortisol level. At 18 days postimplantation, cortisol-implanted sexually maturing male brown trout had smaller gonads, a lower plasma testosterone level, and less gonadotropin in their pituitary gland than control fish. Plasma levels of 11-ketotestosterone and gonadotropin were not significantly affected. Cortisol-implanted sexually maturing female brown trout had smaller gonads, reduced plasma levels of 17β-oestradiol, testosterone, and vitellogenin, and a lower pituitary gland gonadotropin content than control fish. The plasma gonadotropin level was unaffected. At 36 days post-implantation, cortisol treatment of maturing male rainbow trout significantly suppressed plasma gonadotropin levels. Plasma levels of testosterone, 11-ketotestosterone, and 17α,20β-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one, pituitary gonadotropin content, and gonad size were not significantly affected. In sexually immature female rainbow trout, cortisol administration suppressed the level of vitellogenin in the plasma, compared to control-implanted fish. The 17β-oestradiol level was not affected. Cortisol implantation did not affect the plasma testosterone level in sexually immature male trout. These results suggest that prolonged elevation of plasma cortisol, to levels well within physiological range, can affect a wide range of reproductive parameters in both brown and rainbow trout. Further, some effects are manifest in immature as well as in mature fish. These findings are discussed in relation to the effects of cortisol treatment on the state of health of the treated fish.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1016/0016-6480(89)90163-9
CEH Sections: _ Pre-2000 sections
ISSN: 0016-6480
Additional Keywords: Rainbow trout, brown trout, cortisol, stress, testosterone, 11-ketotestosterone, 11-KT, gonadotropin, GTH, 17β-oestradiol, E2, vitellogenin, VTG, 17α,20β-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one, DHP, reproduction, sexual maturation
NORA Subject Terms: Zoology
Biology and Microbiology
Date made live: 24 Aug 2015 13:41 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/511216

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