nerc.ac.uk

Differences in plasma cortisol and cortisone dynamics during stress in two strains of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)

Pottinger, T.G.; Moran, T.A.. 1993 Differences in plasma cortisol and cortisone dynamics during stress in two strains of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Journal of Fish Biology, 43 (1). 121-130. 10.1111/j.1095-8649.1993.tb00415.x

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract/Summary

Plasma levels of cortisone, a steroid hormone of potential physiological significance in fish, have rarely been measured. This study examines the interrelationship between circulating levels of cortisone and the major teleost corticosteroid, cortisol, in the blood of two strains of rainbow trout subject to confinement stress, a condition known to stimulate corticosteroidogenic activity. In unstressed fish from both strains, mean plasma cortisol levels were within the range 0.4–7.5 ng/ml. Mean plasma cortisone levels were within the range 7.1–15.9 ng/ml. Plasma cortisol levels were elevated within 5 min of the onset of stress and reached peak values within 45 min, although there was a marked difference between the maxima observed in the two strains (strain 1: 70 ng/ml; strain 2: 150 ng/ml). The rate of increase of plasma cortisone levels during stress was more rapid than that of cortisol, maximum values (strain 1: 100 ng/ml; strain 2: 160 ng/ml) being reached within 10 to 20 min of the onset of stress. This rapid stress-induced elevation of plasma cortisone has not previously been reported in fish. We suggest that rapid conversion of cortisol to cortisone during the initial response to stress accounts for the appearance of large amounts of cortisone in the blood, indicating that circulating for the appearance of large amounts of cortisone in the blood, indicating that circulating levels of cortisol alone do not fully reflect the secretory activity of the interrenal during the initial of cortisol alone do not fully the secretory activity of the interrenal during the initial phase of the stress response. The results also indicate that the rate of clearance of cortisone from the circulation may be a major factor in determining stress-stimulated levels of plasma cortisol.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1111/j.1095-8649.1993.tb00415.x
CEH Sections: _ Pre-2000 sections
ISSN: 0022-1112
Additional Keywords: Oncorhynchus mykiss, stress, cortisol, cortisone
NORA Subject Terms: Zoology
Biology and Microbiology
Date made live: 11 Aug 2015 08:16 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/511139

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

Downloads for past 30 days

Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...