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Acclimation of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) to low environmental pH does not involve an activation of the pituitary-interrenal axis, but evokes adjustments in branchial ultrastructure

Balm, P.H.M.; Pottinger, T. G.. 1993 Acclimation of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) to low environmental pH does not involve an activation of the pituitary-interrenal axis, but evokes adjustments in branchial ultrastructure. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 50 (12). 2532-2541. 10.1139/f93-276

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Abstract/Summary

Two strains of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) were exposed to soft water at pH 4.0 for 14 days, after ambient pH was reduced gradually. Several parameters, either indicators of acid stress, or reportedly involved in the adaptive response to low pH, were monitored. No mortality occurred during the exposure period; feeding behavior, haematocrit, and plasma protein levels were not affected. A transient depression of leucocrit was observed. A minor, but significant, hypochloremia and perturbations in plasma glucose levels occurred in acid-exposed fish from one strain only. There was no evidence of activation of the pituitary-interrenal axis in acid-exposed fish. Baseline plasma ACTH and Cortisol levels were indistinguishable from those of control fish, and there was no evidence of sensitization to additional stress in acid-exposed fish, in vitro baseline and ACTH-stimulated Cortisol secretion was not significantly different in the two groups. Ultrastructural evidence indicated an increased turnover rate of chloride cells and leucocyte infiltration in gills of acid-exposed fish. These results suggest that interrenal activation and catastrophic ion loss are not inevitable consequences of exposure of rainbow trout to pH 4.0 and that ultrastructural changes in the gills indicate locally regulated adaptive mechanisms.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1139/f93-276
CEH Sections: _ Pre-2000 sections
ISSN: 0706-652X
Additional Keywords: environmental acidification, stress, ACTH, cortisol, haematology, interrenal, gill ultrastructure
NORA Subject Terms: Zoology
Biology and Microbiology
Date made live: 11 Aug 2015 08:00 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/511136

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