nerc.ac.uk

Millennial scale control of European climate by the North Atlantic Oscillation from 12,500 BP: the Asiul speleothem record

Smith, Andrew C.; Barker, Philip A.; Leng, Melanie J.; Noble, Stephen R.; Tych, Wlodek; Wynn, Peter. 2014 Millennial scale control of European climate by the North Atlantic Oscillation from 12,500 BP: the Asiul speleothem record. Cave and Karst Science, 41 (3). 43.

Before downloading, please read NORA policies.
[img]
Preview
Text (Abstract only)
554a15c60cf29752ee7ac0a5.pdf

Download (240kB) | Preview

Abstract/Summary

Contemporary climate in Europe is strongly influenced by the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO), the atmospheric pressure dipole between Iceland and the Azores1. Under positive NAO conditions winter storm tracks associated with the Atlantic Westerly Jet (AWJ) migrate northwards, leading to wetter and warmer winter conditions in north-western Europe and dry conditions in southern Europe; including the Iberian Peninsula. Under the negative NAO phase, storm tracks weaken and shift southwards reversing the pattern1. Existing proxy records of the NAO suggest that this atmospheric process only began to dominate European climate at approximately 8000 years BP, related to the final breakup of the Laurentide ice shelf2. However, here we present evidence of precipitation changes from a high-resolution speleothem δ18O record from northern Iberia, which indicates NAO-like forcing extending throughout the Holocene and into the Younger Dryas (YD) at 12,500 years BP. These variations in precipitation delivery relate to an underlying millennial scale cycle in NAO dynamics. The speleothem δ18O is strongly correlated to existing records of North Atlantic Ocean ice rafted debris (IRD)3, indicating an NAO-like connection with oceanic circulation during the Holocene2. These large-scale atmospheric processes have dramatically influenced the delivery of precipitation to northern Iberia and may have played a decisive role in environmental and human development in the region, throughout the Holocene.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Date made live: 20 May 2015 14:26 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/510855

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

Downloads for past 30 days

Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...