nerc.ac.uk

Agronomic biofortification of maize, soybean and groundnut with selenium in intercropping and sole cropping systems

Chilimba, Allan D.C.; Young, Scott D.; Joy, Edward J.M.. 2014 Agronomic biofortification of maize, soybean and groundnut with selenium in intercropping and sole cropping systems. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 9 (50). 3620-3626. 10.5897/AJAR2014.8978

Before downloading, please read NORA policies.
[img]
Preview
Text (Open Access Paper)
article1418128693_Chilimba et al.pd.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution 4.0.

Download (144kB) | Preview

Abstract/Summary

Agronomic biofortification of staple food crops with micronutrients important for human nutrition, such as selenium (Se), is currently being advocated to address widespread deficiencies in the diets of populations in sub-Saharan Africa. Previous research has shown that there is likely to be widespread dietary Se deficiency in Malawi due to low concentration of Se in edible parts of the staple crops, such as maize (Zea mays L), on low-pH soils, but that this could be addressed through agronomic biofortification using Se-enriched fertilisers. Farmers often intercrop maize with legumes such as groundnut (Arachis hypogaea) and soybean (Glycine max). Therefore, a field study during the 2012/2013 cropping season examined the effect of foliar application of Se on its concentration in grains and stover of maize, soybean and groundnut grown as intercrops or sole crops at three sites in Malawi. Mean Se concentrations were highest in soybean seed, followed by groundnut seed and maize grain, both in plots with added Se and without. Application of 10 g ha-1 of Se increased Se concentration in maize grain by 8-fold, in groundnut seed by 9-fold and in soybean seed by 18-fold; thus universal adoption could increase estimated average dietary Se supply in Malawi from between 21 and 31 µg cap-1 d-1 to between 68 and 78 µg cap-1 d-1.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.5897/AJAR2014.8978
Date made live: 14 May 2015 13:22 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/510786

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

Downloads for past 30 days

Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...