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Predicting the habitat expansion of the invasive roach Rutilus rutilus (Actinopterygii, Cyprinidae), in Great Britain

Elliott, J. Alex; Henrys, Peter; Tanguy, Maliko; Cooper, Jonathan; Maberly, Stephen C.. 2015 Predicting the habitat expansion of the invasive roach Rutilus rutilus (Actinopterygii, Cyprinidae), in Great Britain. Hydrobiologia, 751 (1). 127-134. 10.1007/s10750-015-2181-9

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Abstract/Summary

The roach is influential ecologically and has a preference for water temperatures >12°C. In this study, we attempted to predict its habitat expansion in response to global warming, hypothesing its increase in Great Britain. Historical data for air temperature over different time scales (annual, seasonal, monthly and daily) and for the presence of roach in Great Britain were used to create four Ecological Niche Models. Mean seasonal air temperature (EncRoach-S) was the best predictor. Using EncRoach-S, two future climate scenarios were tested: a sensitivity test (i.e. incrementally increasing temperature values by 1°C), and using air temperature data from UKCIP 11-member ensemble of climate change projections for 2031–2040, 2061–2070 and 2091–2100. Both approaches predicted an increase in habitat suitability in Great Britain with rising air temperatures but the extent of change differed for England, Wales and Scotland. In England, the rate of expansion was initially slow but rapidly increased mid-century leading to 88% coverage by the century end. In Wales, there was a greater increase by the century end and a similar trend in Scotland. This study supports the conjecture that a rise in air temperature over the next few decades will lead to an increase in potential roach habitat.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1007/s10750-015-2181-9
CEH Sections: Parr
Rees (from October 2014
Shore
ISSN: 0018-8158
Additional Keywords: habitat model, climate change, temperature, EncRoach, ecological niche model
NORA Subject Terms: Ecology and Environment
Date made live: 21 Apr 2015 15:28 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/510625

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