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The REE-composition and petrography of apatite in 2Ga Zaonega Formation, Russia: the environmental setting for phosphogenesis

Joosu, Lauri; Lepland, Aivo; Kirsimäe, Kalle; Romashkin, Alexander E.; Roberts, Nick M.W.; Martin, Adam P.; Črne, Alenka E.. 2015 The REE-composition and petrography of apatite in 2Ga Zaonega Formation, Russia: the environmental setting for phosphogenesis. Chemical Geology, 395. 88-107. 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2014.11.013

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Abstract/Summary

The first significant P-rich deposits appear in the global rock record during the Paleoproterozoic around 2 Ga, however the specific triggers that led to apatite precipitation are still under debate. The ca. 2 Ga Zaonega Formation, Karelia, Russia contains P-rich intervals in its upper part with abundantly occurring apatite. These apatites have been studied for their Rare Earth Element (REE) composition using laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) with an emphasis on the environmental condition during phosphogenesis. Petrographic observations by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) integrated with LA-ICP-MS results allow recognition of variously recrystallized apatite, and distinction of best-preserved diagenetic apatite which presumably records syn-depositional REE characteristics. Diagenetic apatite exhibits moderately negative Ce anomalies that indicate an at least partially oxygenated water column. A variable but typically positive Eu anomaly is consistent with geologic evidence suggesting intensive magmatic activity and hydrothermal influence during apatite precipitation. We conclude that phosphatic sediments in the Paleoproterozoic Zaonega Formation record phosphogenesis in a vent/seep influenced setting that experienced fluctuating redox conditions at the sediment–water interface.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2014.11.013
ISSN: 00092541
Date made live: 08 Apr 2015 09:17 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/510583

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