nerc.ac.uk

Geological factors controlling occurrence and distribution of arsenic in groundwaters from the southern margin of the Duero Basin, Spain

Giménez-Forcada, Elena; Smedley, Pauline L.. 2014 Geological factors controlling occurrence and distribution of arsenic in groundwaters from the southern margin of the Duero Basin, Spain. Environmental Geochemistry and Health, 36 (6). 1029-1047. 10.1007/s10653-014-9599-2

Before downloading, please read NORA policies.
[img]
Preview
Text
The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10653-014-9599-2
GimenezForcadaSmedley 2014 Preprint.pdf - Accepted Version

Download (1MB) | Preview

Abstract/Summary

Groundwater from springs and boreholes on the southern edge of the Cenozoic Duero Basin (DB) of Spain has concentrations of arsenic (As) which are commonly above the EC drinking-water limit of 10 μg/L and reach observed values up to 241 μg/L. Groundwater compositions within the sedimentary aquifer vary from Ca–HCO3 type, variably affected by evaporation and agricultural pollution at shallow levels, to Na–HCO3 compositions in deeper boreholes of the basin. Groundwater conditions are mainly oxidising, but reducing groundwaters exist in sub-basins within the aquifer, localised flow paths likely being influenced by basement structure. Arsenic concentrations are spatially variable, reaching up to 38 μg/L in springs of the Spanish Central System (SCS) basement aquifer and up to 62 μg/L in springs from the DB. Highest As concentrations are associated with the Na–HCO3 compositions in deep boreholes (200–450 m depth) within the DB. These have high pH values (up to 9.6) which can give rise to associated elevated concentrations of V and U (up to 64 and 30 μg/L, respectively). In the deep borehole waters of the DB, oxidising flows derived from the mineralised igneous–metamorphic basement and discharging via major faults, and are considered the origin of the higher concentrations. Compositions are consistent with desorption of As and other anionic species from metal oxyhydroxides in an oxic environment. Under locally reducing conditions prevalent in some low-flow parts of the DB, an absence of detectable dissolved As is coincident with low or undetectable SO4 concentrations, and consistent with loss via formation of authigenic sulphide minerals. Mitigation measures are needed urgently in this semi-arid region where provision of alternative sources of safe drinking water is logistically difficult and expensive.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1007/s10653-014-9599-2
ISSN: 0269-4042
Additional Keywords: GroundwaterBGS, Groundwater, Groundwater quality
Date made live: 24 Feb 2015 14:01 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/509871

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

Downloads for past 30 days

Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...