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Local earthquake tomography of Scotland

Luckett, Richard; Baptie, Brian. 2015 Local earthquake tomography of Scotland. Geophysical Journal International, 200 (3). 1538-1554. 10.1093/gji/ggu489

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Abstract/Summary

Scotland is a relatively aseismic region for the use of local earthquake tomography, but 40 yr of earthquakes recorded by a good and growing network make it possible. A careful selection is made from the earthquakes located by the British Geological Survey (BGS) over the last four decades to provide a data set maximising arrival time accuracy and ray path coverage of Scotland. A large number of 1-D velocity models with different layer geometries are considered and differentiated by employing quarry blasts as ground-truth events. Then, SIMULPS14 is used to produce a robust 3-D tomographic P-wave velocity model for Scotland. In areas of high resolution the model shows good agreement with previously published interpretations of seismic refraction and reflection experiments. However, the model shows relatively little lateral variation in seismic velocity except at shallow depths, where sedimentary basins such as the Midland Valley are apparent. At greater depths, higher velocities in the northwest parts of the model suggest that the thickness of crust increases towards the south and east. This observation is also in agreement with previous studies. Quarry blasts used as ground truth events and relocated with the preferred 3-D model are shown to be markedly more accurate than when located with the existing BGS 1-D velocity model.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1093/gji/ggu489
ISSN: 0956-540X
Date made live: 06 Feb 2015 14:25 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/509631

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