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Airflow distortion at instrument sites on the RRS James Clark Ross during the WAGES project

Moat, B.I.; Yelland, M.J.. 2015 Airflow distortion at instrument sites on the RRS James Clark Ross during the WAGES project. Southampton, National Oceanography Centre, 85pp. (National Oceanography Centre Internal Document, No. 12)

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Abstract/Summary

Wind speed measurements obtained from anemometers mounted on ships are prone to systematic errors caused by the distortion of the airflow around the ship's hull and superstructure. This report describes the results of simulations of the airflow around the RRS James Clark Ross made using the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) software VECTIS. The airflow distortion at anemometer sites used during the WAGES project has been quantified at a wind speed of 10 m/s for relative wind directions of 0 (bow-on), 10, 20, 30, 50, 70, 90 and 110 degrees off the bow. The anemometers used in this study were located in the bows of the ship. Temperature sensors were located on the port side of the monkey island. For bow-on flows the anemometers in the bows of the ship experienced relatively small flow distortion. At these sites the flow was decelerated by about 1% of the free stream wind speed. Over the full range of relative wind directions the flow to the R3 sonic is generally accelerated with the largest wind speed biases at flows directly over the beam. The vertical displacement of the airflow increases from around 1 to 2 m for flows directly over the bow, to around 5m for flows over the ships beam as the blockage of the airflow by the ship becomes greater. The airflow distortion at the temperature sensor locations above the monkey island was typically greater than the well-exposed foremast locations. These locations experienced wind speed biases from 6% increase for an airflow directly over the bow, to large decelerations of 55 % when the instruments were in the large recirculation region for flows directly over the starboard side.

Item Type: Publication - Report (UNSPECIFIED)
NORA Subject Terms: Marine Sciences
Date made live: 09 Jan 2015 11:27 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/509304

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