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Consequence of altered nitrogen cycles in the coupled human and ecological system under changing climate: the need for long-term and site-based research

Shibata, Hideaki; Branquinho, Cristina; McDowell, William H.; Mitchell, Myron J.; Monteith, Don T.; Tang, Jianwu; Arvola, Lauri; Cruz, Cristina; Cusack, Daniela F.; Halada, Lubos; Kopáček, Jiří; Máguas, Cristina; Sajidu, Samson; Schubert, Hendrik; Tokuchi, Naoko; Záhora, Jaroslav. 2015 Consequence of altered nitrogen cycles in the coupled human and ecological system under changing climate: the need for long-term and site-based research. AMBIO, 44 (3). 178-193. 10.1007/s13280-014-0545-4

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Abstract/Summary

Anthropogenically derived nitrogen (N) has a central role in global environmental changes, including climate change, biodiversity loss, air pollution, greenhouse gas emission, water pollution, as well as food production and human health. Current understanding of the biogeochemical processes that govern the N cycle in coupled human–ecological systems around the globe is drawn largely from the long-term ecological monitoring and experimental studies. Here, we review spatial and temporal patterns and trends in reactive N emissions, and the interactions between N and other important elements that dictate their delivery from terrestrial to aquatic ecosystems, and the impacts of N on biodiversity and human society. Integrated international and long-term collaborative studies covering research gaps will reduce uncertainties and promote further understanding of the nitrogen cycle in various ecosystems.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1007/s13280-014-0545-4
CEH Sections: Parr
ISSN: 0044-7447
Additional Keywords: atmospheric deposition, biogeochemistry, water quality, N2O, nitrogen leaching
NORA Subject Terms: Ecology and Environment
Date made live: 20 Jan 2015 11:29 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/509264

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