nerc.ac.uk

Speleothem U-series constraints on scarp retreat rates and landscape evolution: an example from the Severn valley and Cotswold Hills gull-caves, UK

Farrant, Andrew R.; Noble, Stephen R.; Barron, A.J. Mark; Self, Charles A.; Grebby, Stephen R.. 2014 Speleothem U-series constraints on scarp retreat rates and landscape evolution: an example from the Severn valley and Cotswold Hills gull-caves, UK. Journal of the Geological Society, 172 (1). 63-76. 10.1144/jgs2014-028

Before downloading, please read NORA policies.
[img]
Preview
Text
Farrant et al_Speleothem_Cotswolds paper_revised and submitted.pdf - Accepted Version

Download (15MB) | Preview

Abstract/Summary

Modelling landscape evolution requires quantitative estimates of erosional processes. Dating erosional landscape features such as escarpments is usually difficult because of the lack of datable deposits. Some escarpments and valley margins are associated with the formation of mass-movement caves, sometimes known as ‘gull’ or ‘crevice’ caves, which are typically restricted to within 0.5 km of the valley margin or scarp edge. As in other caves, these mass-movement cavities may host speleothems. As gull-caves develop only after valley incision, uranium-series dating of speleothems within them can provide a minimum age for the timing of valley excavation and scarp formation. Here we present data from several gull-caves in the Cotswold Hills, which form the eastern flank of the Severn valley in southern England. U-series ages from these gull-caves yield estimates for both the minimum age of the Cotswold escarpment and the maximum scarp retreat rate. This is combined with data from geological modelling to propose a model for the evolution of the Severn valley and the Cotswold Hills. The data suggest that the location of the escarpment and regional topography is determined not by valley widening and scarp retreat, but by the in situ generation of relief by differential erosion.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1144/jgs2014-028
ISSN: 0016-7649
Date made live: 15 Dec 2014 14:53 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/509097

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

Downloads for past 30 days

Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...