nerc.ac.uk

The ability of a barotropic model to simulate sea level extremes of meteorological origin in the Mediterranean Sea, including those caused by explosive cyclones

Calafat, F.M.; Avgoustoglou, E.; Jordà, G.; Flocas, H.; Zodiatis, G.; Tsimplis, M.N.; Kouroutzoglou, J.. 2014 The ability of a barotropic model to simulate sea level extremes of meteorological origin in the Mediterranean Sea, including those caused by explosive cyclones. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 119 (11). 7840-7853. 10.1002/2014JC010360

Before downloading, please read NORA policies.
[img]
Preview
Text
jgrc20970_Calafat.pdf - Published Version

Download (1MB) | Preview

Abstract/Summary

Storm surges are responsible for great damage to coastal property and loss of life every year. Coastal management and adaptation practices are essential to reduce such damage. Numerical models provide a useful tool for informing these practices as they simulate sea level with high spatial resolution. Here we investigate the ability of a barotropic version of the HAMSOM model to simulate sea level extremes of meteorological origin in the Mediterranean Sea, including those caused by explosive cyclones. For this purpose, the output of the model is compared to hourly sea level observations from six tide gauge records (Valencia, Barcelona, Marseille, Civitavecchia, Trieste, and Antalya). It is found that the model underestimates the positive extremes significantly at all stations, in some cases by up to 65%. At Trieste, the model can also sometimes overestimate the extremes significantly. The differences between the model and the residuals are not constant for extremes of a given height, which limits the applicability of the numerical model for storm surge forecasting because calibration is difficult. The 50 and 10 year return levels are reasonably well captured by the model at all stations except Barcelona and Marseille, where they are underestimated by over 30%. The number of exceedances of the 99.9th and 99.95% percentiles over a period of 25 years is severely underestimated by the model at all stations. The skill of the model for predicting the timing and value of the storm surges seems to be higher for the events associated with explosive cyclones at all stations.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1002/2014JC010360
ISSN: 21699275
Additional Keywords: sea level extremes; numerical model; explosive cyclones; storm surge
Date made live: 24 Nov 2014 10:07 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/508880

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

Downloads for past 30 days

Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...