nerc.ac.uk

The surface area and reactivity of granitic soils: I. Dissolution rates of primary minerals as a function of depth and age deduced from field observations

Parry, Samuel A.; Hodson, Mark E.; Kemp, Simon J.; Oelkers, Eric H.. 2015 The surface area and reactivity of granitic soils: I. Dissolution rates of primary minerals as a function of depth and age deduced from field observations. Geoderma, 237-238. 21-35. 10.1016/j.geoderma.2014.08.004

Before downloading, please read NORA policies.
[img]
Preview
Text
Parry et al_2014.pdf - Accepted Version

Download (509kB) | Preview

Abstract/Summary

Surface area-normalised dissolution rates of the primary minerals in two distinct granitic soils located in 1) the Dartmoor National Park, England and 2) Glen Dye, Scotland were determined as a function of depth. Each soil was sampled to a depth of ~ 1 m. The maximum soil ages based on 14C analysis of the humin fraction of the soil are 15,600 and 4400 years for the Dartmoor and Glen Dye soil profiles, respectively. The measured BET surface areas of the soil minerals are close to 5 m2/g in the B and C horizons, but decrease to less than 1 m2/g close to the surface. Retrieved geometric surface area normalised mineral dissolution rates are most rapid at the surface and at the bedrock–soil interface; this behaviour is interpreted to stem from a combination of the approach to equilibrium of the soil waters with depth and more rapid dissolution rates of fresh versus weathered surfaces. At the soil surface, the relative mineral dissolution rate order is found to be quartz > feldspar > mica, with quartz geometric surface area dissolution rates as fast as 2.6 to 4.1 × 10− 13 mol/m2/s. As observed in a number of past studies, field based rates obtained in this study are significantly slower than corresponding rates obtained from laboratory studies, suggesting that these latter rates may not accurately describe the reactivity of primary minerals in soils.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1016/j.geoderma.2014.08.004
ISSN: 00167061
Date made live: 20 Nov 2014 09:58 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/508865

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

Downloads for past 30 days

Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...