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Interactive biotic and abiotic regulators of soil carbon cycling: evidence from controlled climate experiments on peatland and boreal soils

Briones, María Jesús I.; McNamara, Niall P.; Poskitt, Jan; Crow, Susan E.; Ostle, Nicholas J.. 2014 Interactive biotic and abiotic regulators of soil carbon cycling: evidence from controlled climate experiments on peatland and boreal soils. Global Change Biology, 20 (9). 2971-2982. 10.1111/gcb.12585

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Abstract/Summary

Partially decomposed plant and animal remains have been accumulating in organic soils (i.e.>40% C content) for mil- lennia, making them the largest terrestrial carbon store. There is growing concern that, in a warming world, soil biotic processing will accelerate and release greenhouse gases that further exacerbate climate change. However, the magnitude of this response remains uncertain as the constraints are abiotic, biotic and interactive. Here, we examined the influence of resource quality and biological activity on the temperature sensitivity of soil respiration under different soil moisture regimes. Organic soils were sampled from 13 boreal and peatland ecosystems located in the United Kingdom, Ireland, Spain, Finland and Sweden, representing a natural resource quality range of C, N and P. They were incubated at four temperatures (4, 10, 15 and 20°C) at either 60% or 100% water holding capacity (WHC). Our results showed that chemical and biological properties play an important role in determining soil respiration responses to temperature and moisture changes. High soil C : P and C : N ratios were symptomatic of slow C turn- over and long-term C accumulation. In boreal soils, low bacterial to fungal ratios were related to greater temperature sensitivity of respiration, which was amplified in drier conditions. This contrasted with peatland soils which were dominated by bacterial communities and enchytraeid grazing, resulting in a more rapid C turnover under warmer and wetter conditions. The unexpected acceleration of C mineralization under high moisture contents was possibly linked to the primarily role of fermented organic matter, instead of oxygen, in mediating microbial decomposition. We conclude that to improve C model simulations of soil respiration, a better resolution of the interactions occurring between climate, resource quality and the decomposer community will be required.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1111/gcb.12585
CEH Sections: CEH Fellows
Shore
ISSN: 1354-1013
Additional Keywords: boreal forest, C:N:P ratios, climate change, enchytraeids, peatlands, soil fauna, soil respiration
NORA Subject Terms: Agriculture and Soil Science
Date made live: 29 Jul 2014 15:53 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/507953

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