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Principles of sound ecotoxicology

Harris, Catherine A.; Scott, Alexander P.; Johnson, Andrew C.; Panter, Grace H.; Sheahan, Dave; Roberts, Mike; Sumpter, John P.. 2014 Principles of sound ecotoxicology. Environmental Science & Technology, 48 (6). 3100-3111. 10.1021/es4047507

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Abstract/Summary

We have become progressively more concerned about the quality of some published ecotoxicology research. Others have also expressed concern. It is not uncommon for basic, but extremely important, factors to apparently be ignored. For example, exposure concentrations in laboratory experiments are sometimes not measured, and hence there is no evidence that the test organisms were actually exposed to the test substance, let alone at the stated concentrations. To try to improve the quality of ecotoxicology research, we suggest twelve basic principles that should be considered, not when presenting findings to the regulators, but at the stage of experimental design. These principles range from accurately defining the exposure through to carefully considering essential aspects of experimental design as well as unbiased analysis and reporting of the results. Although not all principles will apply to all studies, we offer these principles in the hope that they will improve the quality of the science that is presented to regulators. Science is an evidence-based discipline, and it is important that we and the regulators can trust the evidence presented to us. Significant resources often have to be devoted to refuting the results of poor research when those resources could be utilised more effectively.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1021/es4047507
Programmes: CEH Topics & Objectives 2009 - 2012 > Biogeochemistry > BGC Topic 3 - Managing Threats to Environment and Health > BGC - 3.3 - Deliver effective advice, models and applied science ...
CEH Topics & Objectives 2009 - 2012 > Water
CEH Sections: Boorman (to September 2014)
ISSN: 0013-936X
NORA Subject Terms: Hydrology
Chemistry
Date made live: 20 Jun 2014 15:22 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/507528

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