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Systems scale assessment of the sustainability implications of emerging green initiatives

Tiwary, Abhisjek; Namdeo, Anil; Fuentes, Jose; Dore, Anthony; Hu, Xiao-Ming; Bell, Margaret. 2013 Systems scale assessment of the sustainability implications of emerging green initiatives. Environmental Pollution, 183. 213-223. 10.1016/j.envpol.2013.03.049

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Abstract/Summary

This paper demonstrates a systems framework for assessment of environmental impacts from ‘green initiatives’, through a case study of meso-scale, anthropogenicebiogenic interactions. The following cross-sectoral green initiatives, combining the emerging trends in the North East region of the United Kingdom, have been considered - increasing the vegetation cover; decarbonising road transport; decentralising energy production through biomass plants. Two future scenarios are assessed : Baseline_ 2020 (projected emissions from realisation of policy instruments); Aggressive_2020 (additional emissions from realisation of green initiatives). Resulting trends from the Aggressive_2020 scenario suggest an increase in emissions of pollutant precursors, including biogenic volatile organic compounds and nitrogen dioxide over the base case by up to 20% and 5% respectively. This has implications for enhanced daytime ozone and secondary aerosols formation by up to 15% and over 5% respectively. Associated land cover changes show marginal decrease of ambient temperature but modest reductions in ammonia and ambient particulates.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1016/j.envpol.2013.03.049
CEH Sections: Dise
ISSN: 0269-7491
Additional Keywords: air quality, bio energy, electric vehicles, green infrastructure, meso-scale, secondary aerosols, systems framework
NORA Subject Terms: Ecology and Environment
Date made live: 03 Jun 2014 11:12 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/507343

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