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Volatile organic compound speciation above and within a Douglas fir forest

Copeland, Nichola; Cape, J. Neil; Nemitz, Eiko; Heal, Mathew R.. 2014 Volatile organic compound speciation above and within a Douglas fir forest. Atmospheric Environment, 94. 86-95. 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2014.04.035

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Abstract/Summary

Mixing ratios and fluxes of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) were measured by PTR-MS (and GC-MS) and virtual disjunct eddy covariance during a three-week field campaign in summer 2009 within and above a Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) forest in Speulderbos, the Netherlands. Measurements included the first non-terpenoid species fluxes and mixing ratios for Douglas fir canopy. Above-canopy emissions of monoterpenes were comparable to previous studies of P. menziesii, with standard emission factors for the first and second halves of the campaign of 0.8 ± 0.4 and 0.8 ± 0.3 µg gdw-1 h-1, and temperature coefficients of 0.19 ± 0.06 and 0.08 ± 0.05 °C-1, respectively. Isoprene standard emission factors for the two halves of the campaign were 0.09 ± 0.12 and 0.16 ± 0.18 µg gdw-1 h-1. Fluxes of several non-terpenoid VOCs were significant, with maximum fluxes greater than has been measured for other coniferous species. α-Pinene was the dominant monoterpene within and above the canopy. Within canopy mixing ratios of individual species were generally greatest in early evening consistent with reduced vertical mixing and continued temperature-dependent emissions. Acetaldehyde, acetone and monoterpenes had elevated mixing ratios toward the bottom of the canopy (5-10 m) with assumed contribution from the large quantities of forest-floor leaf litter. MBO (2-methyl-3-buten-2-ol) and estragole had peak mixing ratios at the top of the canopy and are known to have coniferous sources. MVK + MACR (methyl vinyl ketone and methacrolein) also had highest mixing ratios at the top of the canopy consistent with formation from in-canopy oxidation of isoprene. The work highlights the importance of quantifying a wider variety of VOCs from biogenic sources than isoprene and monoterpenes.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2014.04.035
Programmes: CEH Topics & Objectives 2009 - 2012 > Biogeochemistry > BGC Topic 1 - Monitoring and Interpretation of Biogeochemical and Climate Changes > BGC - 1.1 - Monitor concentrations, fluxes, physico-chemical forms of current and emerging pollutants ...
CEH Sections: Dise
ISSN: 1352-2310
Additional Keywords: BVOC, PTR-MS, vDEC, monoterpene, pinene, isoprene
NORA Subject Terms: Ecology and Environment
Atmospheric Sciences
Date made live: 23 May 2014 11:47 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/507310

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