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The variation in composition of ultramafic rocks and the effect on their suitability for carbon dioxide sequestration by mineralisation following acid leaching

Styles, M.T.; Sanna, A.; Lacinska, A.M.; Naden, J.; Maroto-Valer, M.. 2014 The variation in composition of ultramafic rocks and the effect on their suitability for carbon dioxide sequestration by mineralisation following acid leaching. Greenhouse gases science and technology, 4 (4). 440-451. 10.1002/ghg.1405

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Abstract/Summary

Carbon dioxide capture and storage by mineralization has been proposed as a possible technology to contribute to the reduction of global CO2 levels. A main candidate as a feed material, to supply Mg cations for combination with CO2 to form carbonate, is the family of ultramafi c rocks, Mgrich silicate rocks with a range of naturally occurring mineralogical compositions. A classifi cation scheme is described and a diagram is proposed to display the full range of both fresh and altered ultramafi c rock compositions. This is particularly for the benefi t of technologists to raise the awareness of the variation in possible feedstock materials. A systematic set of acid leaching experiments, in the presence of recyclable ammonium bisulphate, has been carried out covering the range of ultramafi c rock compositions. The results show that lizardite serpentinite releases the most Mg with 78% removed after 1 h, while an olivine rock (dunite) gave 55% and serpentinized peridotites intermediate values. Antigorite serpentinite only released 40% and pyroxene- and amphibole-rich rocks only 25%, showing they are unsuitable for the acid leaching method used. This wide variation in rock compositions highlights the necessity for accurate mineralogical characterization of potential resources and for technologists to be aware of the impact of feed material variations on process effi ciency and development.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1002/ghg.1405
Date made live: 28 Jul 2014 13:47 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/507248

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