nerc.ac.uk

Colony attendance and at-sea distribution of thin-billed prions during the early breeding season

Quillfeldt, Petra; Phillips, Richard A.; Marx, Melanie; Masello, Juan F.. 2014 Colony attendance and at-sea distribution of thin-billed prions during the early breeding season. Journal of Avian Biology, 45 (4). 315-324. 10.1111/jav.00307

Before downloading, please read NORA policies.
[img]
Preview
Text (This article has been accepted for publication and will appear in a revised form in the Journal of Avian Biology, published by Wiley. Copyright John Wiley & Sons Ltd.)
MS Geolocs_early breeding season_revised_sm.pdf - Accepted Version

Download (589kB) | Preview

Abstract/Summary

Procellariiform seabirds have extreme life histories; they are very long-lived, first breed when relatively old, lay single egg clutches, both incubation and chick-rearing are prolonged and chicks exhibit slow growth. The early part of the breeding season is crucial, when pair bonds are re-established and partners coordinate their breeding duties, but is a difficult period to study in burrow-nesting species. Miniature geolocators (Global Location Sensors or GLS loggers) now offer a way to collect data on burrow attendance, as well as determine at-sea movements. We studied the early breeding season in thin-billed prions Pachyptila belcheri breeding at New Island, Falkland Islands. Males and females arrived back at the colony at similar times, with peak arrival in the last days of September. However, males spent more time on land during the pre-laying period, presumably defending and maintaining the burrow and maximising mating opportunities. Males departed later than females, and carried out a significantly shorter pre-laying exodus. Males took on the first long incubation shift, whereas females returned to sea soon after egg laying. During the pre-laying exodus and incubation, males and females travelled at similar speeds (> 250 km d−1) and were widely distributed over large areas of the Patagonian Shelf. Inter-annual differences in oceanographic conditions were stronger during the incubation than during the pre-laying exodus and were matched by stronger differences in distribution. The study thus suggests that extended trips and flexible distribution enable thin-billed prions to meet the high energy demands of egg production and incubation despite low productivity in waters around the colony during the early summer.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1111/jav.00307
Programmes: BAS Programmes > Polar Science for Planet Earth (2009 - ) > Ecosystems
ISSN: 09088857
Date made live: 16 Apr 2014 13:04 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/507085

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

Downloads for past 30 days

Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...