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How deep is deep enough? Ocean iron fertilization and carbon sequestration in the Southern Ocean

Robinson, J.; Popova, E.E.; Yool, A.; Srokosz, M.; Lampitt, R.S.; Blundell, J.R.. 2014 How deep is deep enough? Ocean iron fertilization and carbon sequestration in the Southern Ocean. Geophysical Research Letters, 41 (7). 2489-2495. 10.1002/2013GL058799

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Abstract/Summary

Artificial ocean iron fertilization (OIF) enhances phytoplankton productivity and is being explored as a means of sequestering anthropogenic carbon within the deep ocean. To be considered successful, carbon should be exported from the surface ocean and isolated from the atmosphere for an extended period (e.g., the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's standard 100 year time horizon). This study assesses the impact of deep circulation on carbon sequestered by OIF in the Southern Ocean, a high-nutrient low-chlorophyll region known to be iron stressed. A Lagrangian particle-tracking approach is employed to analyze water mass trajectories over a 100 year simulation. By the end of the experiment, for a sequestration depth of 1000 m, 66% of the carbon had been reexposed to the atmosphere, taking an average of 37.8 years. Upwelling occurs predominately within the Antarctic Circumpolar Current due to Ekman suction and topography. These results emphasize that successful OIF is dependent on the physical circulation, as well as the biogeochemistry.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1002/2013GL058799
ISSN: 00948276
Additional Keywords: ocean iron fertilization; Lagrangian particle tracking; deep circulation; Southern Ocean
Date made live: 14 Apr 2014 09:14 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/507032

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