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Morphology of Emiliania huxleyi coccoliths on the North West European shelf – is there an influence of carbonate chemistry?

Young, J.R.; Poulton, A.J.; Tyrrell, T.. 2014 Morphology of Emiliania huxleyi coccoliths on the North West European shelf – is there an influence of carbonate chemistry? Biogeosciences Discussions, 11 (3). 4531-4561. 10.5194/bgd-11-4531-2014

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Abstract/Summary

Within the context of the UK Ocean Acidification project, Emiliania huxleyi (type A) coccolith morphology was examined from samples collected during cruise D366. In particular, a morphometric study of coccolith size and degree of calcification was made on scanning electron microscope images of samples from shipboard CO2 perturbation experiments and from a set of environmental samples with significant variation in calcite saturation state (Ωcalcite). One bioassay in particular (E4 from the southern North Sea) yielded unambiguous results – in this bioassay exponential growth from a low level occurred with no artificial stimulation and coccosphere numbers increased ten-fold during the experiment. The samples with elevated CO2 saw significantly reduced coccolithophore growth. However, coccolithophore morphology was not significantly affected by the changing CO2 conditions even under the highest levels of perturbation (1000 μatm). Environmental samples similarly showed no correlation of coccolithophore morphology with calcite saturation state. Some variation in coccolith size and degree of calcification does occur but this seems to be predominantly due to genotypic differentiation between populations on the shelf and in the open ocean

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.5194/bgd-11-4531-2014
ISSN: 1810-6285
Date made live: 25 Mar 2014 10:24 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/506662

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