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Polyscape: A GIS mapping framework providing efficient and spatially explicit landscape-scale valuation of multiple ecosystem services

Jackson, Bethanna; Pagella, Timothy; Sinclair, Fergus; Orellana, Barbara; Henshaw, Alex; Reynolds, Brian; Mcintyre, Neil; Wheater, Howard; Eycott, Amy. 2013 Polyscape: A GIS mapping framework providing efficient and spatially explicit landscape-scale valuation of multiple ecosystem services. Landscape and Urban Planning, 112. 74-88. 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2012.12.014

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Abstract/Summary

This paper introduces a GIS framework (Polyscape) designed to explore spatially explicit synergies and trade-offs amongst ecosystem services to support landscape management (from individual fields through to catchments of ca 10,000 km2 scale). Algorithms are described and results presented from a case study application within an upland Welsh catchment (Pontbren). Polyscape currently includes algorithms to explore the impacts of land cover change on flood risk, habitat connectivity, erosion and associated sediment delivery to receptors, carbon sequestration and agricultural productivity. Algorithms to trade these single-criteria landscape valuations against each other are also provided, identifying where multiple service synergies exist or could be established. Changes in land management can be input to the tool and “traffic light” coded impact maps produced, allowing visualisation of the impact of different decisions. Polyscape hence offers a means for prioritising existing feature preservation and identifying opportunities for landscape change. The basic algorithms can be applied using widely available national scale digital elevation, land use and soil data. Enhanced output is possible where higher resolution data are available (e.g., LIDAR, detailed land use or soil surveys). Deficiencies in the data are reduced by incorporating local stakeholder knowledge (increasing stakeholder participation in the negotiation process).

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2012.12.014
CEH Sections: Emmett
ISSN: 0169-2046
Additional Keywords: Rural land management; Multi-criteria decision support; Ecosystem service negotiation; GIS
NORA Subject Terms: Ecology and Environment
Data and Information
Related URLs:
Date made live: 24 Mar 2014 12:01 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/506419

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