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Combined inhibition of complement (C5) and CD14 markedly attenuates inflammation, thrombogenicity, and hemodynamic changes in porcine sepsis

Barratt-Due, Andreas; Thorgersen, Ebbe B.; Egge, Kjetil; Pischke, Soren; Sokolov, Andrey; Hellerud, Bernt C.; Lindstad, Julie K.; Pharo, Anne; Bongoni, Anjan K.; Nunn, Miles; Rieben, Robert; Scott, Helge; Mollnes, Tom E.. 2013 Combined inhibition of complement (C5) and CD14 markedly attenuates inflammation, thrombogenicity, and hemodynamic changes in porcine sepsis. Journal of Immunology, 191 (2). 819-827. 10.4049/jimmunol.1201909

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Abstract/Summary

Complement and the TLR family constitute two important branches of innate immunity. We previously showed attenuating effects on inflammation and thromogenicity by inhibiting the TLR coreceptor CD14 in porcine sepsis. In the present study, we explored the effect of the C5 and leukotriene B4 inhibitor Ornithodoros moubata complement inhibitor (OmCI; also known as coversin) alone and combined with anti-CD14 on the early inflammatory, hemostatic, and hemodynamic responses in porcine Escherichia coli–induced sepsis. Pigs were randomly allocated to negative controls (n = 6), positive controls (n = 8), intervention with OmCI (n = 8), or with OmCI and anti-CD14 (n = 8). OmCI ablated C5 activation and formation of the terminal complement complex and significantly decreased leukotriene B4 levels in septic pigs. Granulocyte tissue factor expression, formation of thrombin–antithrombin complexes (p < 0.001), and formation of TNF-α and IL-6 (p < 0.05) were efficiently inhibited by OmCI alone and abolished or strongly attenuated by the combination of OmCI and anti-CD14 (p < 0.001 for all). Additionally, the combined therapy attenuated the formation of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (p < 0.05), IL-1β, and IL-8, increased the formation of IL-10, and abolished the expression of wCD11R3 (CD11b) and the fall in neutrophil cell count (p < 0.001 for all). Finally, OmCI combined with anti-CD14 delayed increases in heart rate by 60 min (p < 0.05) and mean pulmonary artery pressure by 30 min (p < 0.01). Ex vivo studies confirmed the additional effect of combining anti-CD14 with OmCI. In conclusion, upstream inhibition of the key innate immunity molecules, C5 and CD14, is a potential broad-acting treatment regimen in sepsis as it efficiently attenuated inflammation and thrombogenicity and delayed hemodynamic changes

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.4049/jimmunol.1201909
Programmes: CEH Topics & Objectives 2009 - 2012 > Biodiversity
CEH Sections: Reynard
ISSN: 0022-1767
Date made live: 17 Mar 2014 15:24 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/506177

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