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Mapping long-term temporal change in imperviousness using topographic maps

Miller, James D.; Grebby, Stephen. 2014 Mapping long-term temporal change in imperviousness using topographic maps. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, 30. 9-20. 10.1016/j.jag.2014.01.002

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Abstract/Summary

Change in urban land use and impervious surface cover are valuable sources of information for determining the environmental impacts of urban development. However, our understanding of these impacts is limited due to the general lack of historical data beyond the last few decades. This study presents two methodologies for mapping and revealing long-term change in urban land use and imperviousness from topographic maps. Method 1 involves the generation of maps of fractional impervious surface for direct computation of catchment-level imperviousness. Method 2 generates maps of urban land use for subsequent computation of estimates of catchment imperviousness based on an urban extent index. Both methods are applied to estimate change in catchment imperviousness in a town in the South of England, at decadal intervals for the period 1960–2010. The performance of each method is assessed using contemporary reference data obtained from aerial photographs, with the results indicating that both methods are capable of provide good estimates of catchment imperviousness. Both methods reveal that peri-urban developments within the study area were demonstrated to have undergone a significant expansion of impervious cover over the period 1960–2010, which is likely to have resulted in changes to the hydrological response of the previously rural areas. Overall, results of this study suggest that topographic maps provide a useful source for determining long-term change in imperviousness in the absence of suitable data, such as remotely sensed imagery. Potential applications of the two methods presented here include hydrological modelling, environmental investigations and urban planning.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1016/j.jag.2014.01.002
Programmes: CEH Topics & Objectives 2009 - 2012 > Water > WA Topic 3 - Science for Water Management > WA - 3.1 - Develop next generation methods for river flow frequency estimation and forecasting
CEH Sections: Reynard
ISSN: 0303-2434
Additional Keywords: imperviousness, urban, remote sensing, hydrology, land use change
NORA Subject Terms: Earth Sciences
Data and Information
Date made live: 10 Mar 2014 14:37 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/505474

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