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Elevated risk from estrogens in the Yodo River basin (Japan) in winter and ozonation as a management option

Kumar, Vimal; Hanamoto, Seiya; Johnson, Andrew C.; Yamashita, Naoyuki; Nakada, Norihide; Tanaka, Hiroaki. 2014 Elevated risk from estrogens in the Yodo River basin (Japan) in winter and ozonation as a management option. Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts, 16 (2). 232-238. 10.1039/c3em00219e

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Abstract/Summary

A simple model was set up to predict estrogen concentrations and endocrine disruption risk in the Yodo River, Japan. This catchment spans the conurbations of Kyoto and Osaka and is the main source of drinking water for Osaka City, Japan. From the river survey data (5 separate occasions between 2005 and 2008), a maximum of 32 g per day estrone (E1) load was observed in the most downstream site of the river. Predicted E1 concentrations were in reasonable agreement with the measurements taken at several points within the basin from a series of sampling campaigns. The predicted concentrations exceeded a net estradiol (E2) equivalent of 1 ng L−1 on only a few occasions, suggesting that only limited endocrine disruption phenomena in fish along the Yodo River is likely. The model was then used to examine the impact on estrogen concentrations and endocrine disruption of a number of different scenarios. It was found that in-river biodegradation had little effect on predicted concentrations and the outcome of endocrine disruption along the catchment. However, reduced sewage treatment removal, as can be experienced in winter in Japan, led to levels of 3.1 ng L−1 E2 equivalents being possible. The reduced river flow in winter in Japan exacerbates the situation as it offers less dilution. It was found that the application of the ozonation process as a tertiary sewage treatment in winter could prevent this higher risk endocrine disruption situation.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1039/c3em00219e
Programmes: CEH Topics & Objectives 2009 - 2012 > Biogeochemistry > BGC Topic 3 - Managing Threats to Environment and Health > BGC - 3.3 - Deliver effective advice, models and applied science ...
CEH Topics & Objectives 2009 - 2012 > Water > WA Topic 2 - Ecohydrological Processes > WA - 2.1 - Identify and quantify sources, fluxes and pathways of water, chemicals ...
CEH Sections: Boorman (to September 2014)
ISSN: 2050-7887
NORA Subject Terms: Ecology and Environment
Hydrology
Chemistry
Date made live: 10 Mar 2014 12:43 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/505302

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