nerc.ac.uk

Ocean processes at the Antarctic continental slope

Heywood, Karen J.; Schmidtko, Sunke; Heuzé, Céline; Kaiser, Jan; Jickells, Timothy D.; Queste, Bastien; Stevens, David P.; Wadley, Martin; Thompson, Andrew F.; Fielding, Sophie; Guihen, Damien; Creed, Elizabeth; Ridley, Jeff K.; Smith, Walker. 2014 Ocean processes at the Antarctic continental slope. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, A, 372 (2019), 20130047. 10.1098/rsta.2013.0047

Before downloading, please read NORA policies.
[img]
Preview
Text
20130047.full.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (1MB) | Preview

Abstract/Summary

The Antarctic continental shelves and slopes occupy relatively small areas, but, nevertheless, are important for global climate, biogeochemical cycling and ecosystem functioning. Processes of water mass transformation through sea ice formation/melting and ocean–atmosphere interaction are key to the formation of deep and bottom waters as well as determining the heat flux beneath ice shelves. Climate models, however, struggle to capture these physical processes and are unable to reproduce water mass properties of the region. Dynamics at the continental slope are key for correctly modelling climate, yet their small spatial scale presents challenges both for ocean modelling and for observational studies. Cross-slope exchange processes are also vital for the flux of nutrients such as iron from the continental shelf into the mixed layer of the Southern Ocean. An iron-cycling model embedded in an eddy-permitting ocean model reveals the importance of sedimentary iron in fertilizing parts of the Southern Ocean. Ocean gliders play a key role in improving our ability to observe and understand these small-scale processes at the continental shelf break. The Gliders: Excellent New Tools for Observing the Ocean (GENTOO) project deployed three Seagliders for up to two months in early 2012 to sample the water to the east of the Antarctic Peninsula in unprecedented temporal and spatial detail. The glider data resolve small-scale exchange processes across the shelf-break front (the Antarctic Slope Front) and the front's biogeochemical signature. GENTOO demonstrated the capability of ocean gliders to play a key role in a future multi-disciplinary Southern Ocean observing system.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1098/rsta.2013.0047
Programmes: BAS Programmes > Antarctic Funding Initiative Projects
BAS Programmes > Polar Science for Planet Earth (2009 - ) > Ecosystems
ISSN: 1364-503X
Additional Keywords: Antarctic continental shelf, Antarctic Slope Front, ocean glider, water mass, climate model, iron fertilization
Date made live: 09 Jun 2014 10:24 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/504625

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

Downloads for past 30 days

Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...