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The relationships between effective porosity, uniaxial compressive strength and sonic velocity of intact Borrowdale Volcanic Group Core samples from Sellafield

Entwisle, D.C.; Hobbs, P.R.N.; Jones, L.D.; Gunn, D.; Raines, M.G.. 2005 The relationships between effective porosity, uniaxial compressive strength and sonic velocity of intact Borrowdale Volcanic Group Core samples from Sellafield. Geotechnical and Geological Engineering, 23 (6). 793-809. 10.1007/s10706-004-2143-x

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Abstract/Summary

The effective porosity, saturated sonic velocity and saturated uniaxial compressive strength were determined on a large number of Borrowdale Volcanic Group volcaniclastic core samples from three boreholes at Sellafield, Cumbria. The work formed part of the UK Nirex Limited site investigation into whether the Sellafield area could be suitable as a repository for intermediate and low level radioactive waste. Most of the intact samples were of low to very low effective porosity, had a high sonic velocity and were very strong to extremely strong. However, a proportion of values deviated significantly from this. Bivariate analysis showed a negative relationship exists between sonic velocity and effective porosity. The cross plots of these two parameters with uniaxial compressive strength showed a wide range of strength values for samples of low effective porosity and high sonic velocity. Six failure types were identified during the uniaxial compressive strength tests. The strongest samples tended to fail through the matrix and the weakest rock samples tended to fail through haematized material or along haematized veins. Effective porosity and sonic velocity measurements could not distinguish between those samples that failed through the matrix and those that failed along discrete narrow veins. The presence of narrow haematized veins has a major effect on the intact rock strength.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1007/s10706-004-2143-x
Programmes: BGS Programmes > Other
ISSN: 0960-3182
Date made live: 28 Nov 2013 12:35 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/504073

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