nerc.ac.uk

Ecology and distribution of the grey notothen, Lepidonotothen squamifrons, around South Georgia and Shag Rocks, Southern Ocean

Gregory, Susan; Brown, Judith; Belchier, Mark. 2014 Ecology and distribution of the grey notothen, Lepidonotothen squamifrons, around South Georgia and Shag Rocks, Southern Ocean. Antarctic Science, 26 (3). 239-249. 10.1017/S0954102013000667

Before downloading, please read NORA policies.
[img]
Preview
Text (Copyright Antarctic Science Ltd)
Gregory et al NOS 2013.pdf - Published Version

Download (319kB) | Preview

Abstract/Summary

New information on the biology and ecology of an abundant ‘rockcod’ species, Lepidonotothen squamifrons (family: Nototheniidae), found at South Georgia is presented. Data collected from twenty demersal trawl surveys carried out at South Georgia and Shag Rocks (sub-Antarctic) from 1986–2012 were analysed to investigate distribution, size, maturity and diet. Distribution was patchy with large aggregations in consistent high-density ‘hotspots’ to the east of Shag Rocks and to the west of South Georgia. Fish density was shown to vary between regions of the shelf and between years but there was little evidence of significant changes in catch per unit effort (CPUE) over the duration of the study. Length at first maturity for males and females (37–38 cm, total length) was very similar to that described for the Indian Ocean population. Detailed stomach contents analysis (2005–12) indicated a varied diet dominated by salps/tunicates, but with ontogenetic and depth variations in prey composition. Lepidonotothen squamifrons was shown to be an opportunistic bentho-pelagic forager. Enhanced knowledge of the ecology of L. squamifrons will be valuable in future research on food web modelling and marine spatial management in the Southern Ocean and to provide baseline data on the ecology of the species in a rapidly changing environment.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1017/S0954102013000667
Programmes: BAS Programmes > Polar Science for Planet Earth (2009 - ) > Ecosystems
ISSN: 0954-1020
Additional Keywords: fisheries; food webs; Nototheniidae; reproduction; sub-Antarctic; trawl survey
Date made live: 27 Nov 2013 10:16 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/504037

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

Downloads for past 30 days

Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...