nerc.ac.uk

Soil pH effects on the comparative toxicity of dissolved zinc, non-nano and nano ZnO to the earthworm Eisenia fetida

Heggelund, Laura R.; Diez-Ortiz, Maria; Lofts, Stephen; Lahive, Elma; Jurkschat, Kerstin; Wojnarowicz, Jacek; Cedergreen, Nina; Spurgeon, David; Svendsen, Claus. 2014 Soil pH effects on the comparative toxicity of dissolved zinc, non-nano and nano ZnO to the earthworm Eisenia fetida. Nanotoxicology, 8 (5). 559-572. 10.3109/17435390.2013.809808

Before downloading, please read NORA policies.
[img]
Preview
Text (Postprint)
Heggelund et al., Last version submitted 12-2-13.pdf - Accepted Version

Download (4MB) | Preview

Abstract/Summary

To determine how soil properties influence nanoparticle (NP) fate, bioavailability and toxicity, this study compared the toxicity of nano zinc oxide (ZnO NPs), non-nano ZnO and ionic ZnCl2 to the earthworm Eisenia fetida in a natural soil at three pH levels. NP characterisation indicated that reaction with the soil media greatly controls ZnO properties. Three main conclusions were drawn. First that Zn toxicity, especially for reproduction, was influenced by pH for all Zn forms. This can be linked to the influence of pH on Zn dissolution. Secondly, that ZnO fate, toxicity and bioaccumulation were similar (including relationships with pH) for both ZnO forms, indicating the absence of NP-specific effects. Finally, earthworm Zn concentrations were higher in worms exposed to ZnO compared to ZnCl2, despite the greater toxicity of the ionic form. This observation suggests the importance of considering the relationship between uptake and toxicity in nanotoxicology studies.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3109/17435390.2013.809808
Programmes: CEH Topics & Objectives 2009 - 2012 > Biogeochemistry
CEH Sections: Acreman
Shore
ISSN: 1743-5390
Additional Keywords: zinc oxide, nanoparticle, nanotoxicology, soil pH, earthworms
NORA Subject Terms: Ecology and Environment
Date made live: 02 Dec 2013 15:19 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/503753

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

Downloads for past 30 days

Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...