nerc.ac.uk

Investigating humic substances interactions with Th4+, UO2(2+), and NpO2(+) at high pH: relevance to cementitious disposal of radioactive wastes

Stockdale, Anthony; Bryan, Nick D,; Lofts, Stephen; Tipping, Edward. 2013 Investigating humic substances interactions with Th4+, UO2(2+), and NpO2(+) at high pH: relevance to cementitious disposal of radioactive wastes. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 121. 214-228. 10.1016/j.gca.2013.07.009

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract/Summary

A number of geodisposal concepts for intermediate level radioactive waste involve geological emplacement within cementitious repositories. Such facilities, once rehydrated with groundwater, will create high pH environments due to aqueous phase reaction of the cements. This work focuses on the interactions of several important long-lived radionuclide cations with dissolved organic matter (DOM) constituents (humic and fulvic acids) under high pH conditions. We also sought to test the comprehensive speciation model WHAM/Humic Ion Binding Model VII for these specific conditions. Results for Th demonstrate high fractions present as organic complexes at all pH values. Binding of neptunyl to DOM shows a maximum over the pH range expected within an evolving repository. Uranyl exhibits decreasing binding with pH, however, the majority of metal in solution is present as organic complexes under the lower pH conditions investigated (10–10.5). We have updated the WHAM/ Model VII binding values for UO2þ2 , and have for the first time added NpOþ2 values to the database. These updates now llow application of the model for more complex mixtures across the entire repository pH range. Calculations for three simulated cement interstitial waters (representing different degradation phases) suggest U(VI) and Np(V) are not likely to be significantly bound to DOM under these conditions.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1016/j.gca.2013.07.009
Programmes: CEH Topics & Objectives 2009 - 2012 > Biogeochemistry > BGC Topic 2 - Biogeochemistry and Climate System Processes > BGC - 2.1 - Quantify & model processes that control the emission, fate and bioavailability of pollutants
CEH Sections: Shore
ISSN: 0016-7037
NORA Subject Terms: Earth Sciences
Ecology and Environment
Chemistry
Date made live: 01 Oct 2013 12:49 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/503293

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

Downloads for past 30 days

Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...