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Fossil proxies of near-shore sea surface temperatures and seasonality from the late Neogene Antarctic shelf

Clark, Nicola A.; Williams, Mark; Hill, Daniel J.; Quilty, Patrick G.; Smellie, John L.; Zalasiewicz, Jan; Leng, Melanie J.; Ellis, Michael A.. 2013 Fossil proxies of near-shore sea surface temperatures and seasonality from the late Neogene Antarctic shelf. Naturwissenschaften, 100 (8). 699-722. 10.1007/s00114-013-1075-9

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Abstract/Summary

We evaluate the available palaeontological and geochemical proxy data from bivalves, bryozoans, silicoflagellates, diatoms and cetaceans for sea surface temperature (SST) regimes around the nearshore Antarctic coast during the late Neogene. These fossils can be found in a number of shallow marine sedimentary settings from three regions of the Antarctic continent, the northern Antarctic Peninsula, the Prydz Bay region and the western Ross Sea. Many of the proxies suggest maximum spring–summer SSTs that are warmer than present by up to 5 °C, which would result in reduced seasonal sea ice. The evidence suggests that the summers on the Antarctic shelf during the late Neogene experienced most of the warming, while winter SSTs were little changed from present. Feedbacks from changes in summer sea ice covermay have driven much of the lateNeogene ocean warming seen in stratigraphic records. Synthesized late Neogene and earliest Quaternary Antarctic shelf proxy data are compared to the multi-model SST estimates of the Pliocene Model Intercomparison Project (PlioMIP) Experiment 2. Despite the fragmentary geographical and temporal context for the SST data, comparisons between the SSTwarming in each of the three regions represented in the marine palaeontological record of theAntarctic shelf and the PlioMIP climate simulations show a good concordance.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1007/s00114-013-1075-9
ISSN: 0028-1042
Date made live: 31 Jul 2013 14:10 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/502746

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