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Physico-chemical factors alone cannot simulate phytoplankton behaviour in a lowland river

Waylett, A.J.; Hutchins, M.G.; Johnson, A.C.; Bowes, M.J.; Loewenthal, M.. 2013 Physico-chemical factors alone cannot simulate phytoplankton behaviour in a lowland river. Journal of Hydrology, 497. 223-233. 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2013.05.027

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Abstract/Summary

There are still a number of gaps in our understanding regarding phytoplankton behaviour in rivers. Given predicted future changes in climate, which appear superficially at least, to favour larger phytoplankton blooms, this study was initiated to assess how well we can currently simulate this behaviour with a river water quality model. The river quality model (QUESTOR) was run for a 45 km stretch of the upper Thames for 2009–2011 (UK). To identify the most suitable model representation, phytoplankton was simulated and compared to actual observed data under three alternative assumptions. The first of these was of a Mixed Phytoplankton population and the other two being that there was domination by either of two groups (Green Algae, or cool water diatoms such as Stephanodiscus hantzschii) known to be abundant in the river. The factors for controlling the phytoplankton populations were found to be flow, temperature and radiation. Of these controlling factors, river flow has the larger effect on depletion or build-up of phytoplankton, based on residence time. The nutrient concentrations (phosphate and nitrate) seem to be in excess and not limiting or controlling of the phytoplankton behaviour. The data highlighted two main blooms in late spring and summer, which were successfully modelled with a Mixed Phytoplankton population (which explained 16–35% of the weekly variability throughout 2009–10). On a year-to-year time frame there is clear evidence of between-year differences in grazing loss rates. This can be accounted for by a combination of benthic filter feeders and zooplankton, both having been observed in sufficient numbers in the Thames.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2013.05.027
Programmes: CEH Topics & Objectives 2009 - 2012 > Water
CEH Sections: Boorman (to September 2014)
ISSN: 0022-1694
Additional Keywords: Thames, phytoplankton, grazing, dissolved oxygen, in-stream water quality modelling
NORA Subject Terms: Ecology and Environment
Hydrology
Date made live: 17 Jul 2013 14:08 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/502643

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