nerc.ac.uk

Differing source water inputs, moderated by evaporative enrichment, determine the contrasting δ18OCELLULOSE signals in maritime Antarctic moss peat banks

Royles, Jessica; Sime, Louise C.; Hodgson, Dominic A.; Convey, Peter; Griffiths, Howard. 2013 Differing source water inputs, moderated by evaporative enrichment, determine the contrasting δ18OCELLULOSE signals in maritime Antarctic moss peat banks. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 118 (1). 184-194. 10.1002/jgrg.20021

Before downloading, please read NORA policies.
[img]
Preview
Text (An edited version of this paper was published by AGU. Copyright American Geophysical Union.)
jgrg20021.pdf - Published Version

Download (656kB) | Preview

Abstract/Summary

Oxygen isotope palaeoclimate records, preserved in moss tissue cellulose, are complicated by environmental influences on the relationships between source water inputs and evaporative conditions. We carried out stable isotope analyses of precipitation collected from the maritime Antarctic and cellulose extracted from co-located Chorisodontium aciphyllum dominated moss peat bank deposits accumulated since 1870 A.D. Analyses of stable oxygen and hydrogen isotope composition of summer precipitation on Signy Island (60.7°S, 45.6°W) established a local meteoric water line (LMWL) similar to both the global MWL and other LMWLs, and almost identical to the HadAM3 isotope-enabled global circulation model output. The oxygen isotopic composition of cellulose (δ18OC) revealed little temporal variation between four moss peat banks on Signy Island since 1870. However, δ18OC followed two patterns with Sites A and D consistently 3‰ enriched relative to δ18OC values from Sites B and C. The growing moss surfaces at Sites A and D are likely to have been hydrated by isotopically heavier summer precipitation, whilst at Sites B and C, the moss banks are regularly saturated by the isotopically depleted snow melt streams. Laboratory experiments revealed that evaporative enrichment of C. aciphyllum moss leaf water by 5‰ occurred rapidly following saturation (ecologically equivalent to post-rainfall or snow melt periods). In addition to the recognized source water-cellulose fractionation extent of 27 ± 3‰, such a shift would account for the 32‰ difference measured between δ18O of Signy Island precipitation and cellulose.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1002/jgrg.20021
Programmes: BAS Programmes > Polar Science for Planet Earth (2009 - ) > Chemistry and Past Climate
BAS Programmes > Polar Science for Planet Earth (2009 - ) > Ecosystems
ISSN: 21698953
Additional Keywords: cellulose, Chorisodontium aciphyllum, HadAM3, meteoric water line, oxygen-18, Signy Island
Date made live: 03 Jun 2013 13:46 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/502098

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

Downloads for past 30 days

Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...