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Emerging organic contaminants in groundwater

Stuart, Marianne; Lapworth, Dan. 2013 Emerging organic contaminants in groundwater. In: Mukhopadhyay, S.C.; Mason, A., (eds.) Smart Sensors for Real-Time Water Quality Monitoring. Berlin, Germany, Springer-Verlag, 259-284. (Smart Sensors, Measurement and Instrumentation , 4).

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Abstract/Summary

Emerging organic contaminants (ECs) are compounds now being found in groundwater from agricultural, urban sources that were previously not detectable, or thought to be significant. ECs include pesticides and degradates, pharmaceuticals, industrial compounds, personal care products, fragrances, water treatment by-products, flame retardants and surfactants, as well as ‘life-style’ compounds such as caffeine and nicotine. ECs may have adverse effects on aquatic ecosystems and human health. Frequently detected ECs include the anti-epileptic drug carbamazepine, the antibiotic sulfamethoxazole, the anti-inflammatories ibuprofen and diclofenac, and caffeine, as well as pesticide degradates. This means there will be challenges in the future in order to address these ECs and to minimise their impact on drinking water and ecosystems. In the coming decades, more ECs are likely to have environmental standards defined, and therefore a better understanding of environmental behaviour remains a priority.

Item Type: Publication - Book Section
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1007/978-3-642-37009_12
ISBN: 9783642370052
Additional Keywords: GroundwaterBGS, Groundwater, Groundwater quality
NORA Subject Terms: Earth Sciences
Hydrology
Related URLs:
Date made live: 26 Apr 2013 12:46 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/501510

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