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Threats to an ecosystem service: pressures on pollinators

Vanbergen, Adam J. and the Insect Pollinators Initiative. 2013 Threats to an ecosystem service: pressures on pollinators. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 11 (5). 251-259. 10.1890/120126

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Abstract/Summary

Insect pollinators of crops and wild plants are under threat globally and their decline or loss could have profound economic and environmental consequences. Here, we argue that multiple anthropogenic pressures – including land-use intensification, climate change, and the spread of alien species and diseases – are primarily responsible for insect-pollinator declines. We show that a complex interplay between pressures (eg lack of food sources, diseases,and pesticides) and biological processes (eg species dispersal and interactions) at a range of scales (from genes to ecosystems) underpins the general decline in insect-pollinator populations. Interdisciplinary research on the nature and impacts of these interactions will be needed if human food security and ecosystem function are to be preserved. We highlight key areas that require research focus and outline some practical steps to alleviate the pressures on pollinators and the pollination services they deliver to wild and crop plants.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1890/120126
Programmes: CEH Topics & Objectives 2009 - 2012 > Biodiversity > BD Topic 2 - Ecological Processes in the Environment > BD - 2.2 - Quantify the impact of invasive species, pathogens ...
CEH Topics & Objectives 2009 - 2012 > Biodiversity > BD Topic 2 - Ecological Processes in the Environment > BD - 2.4 - Estimate the impact of the main drivers and pressures on biodiversity ...
CEH Topics & Objectives 2009 - 2012 > Biodiversity > BD Topic 3 - Managing Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services in a Changing Environment > BD - 3.2 - Develop and test practical measures to ameliorate the effects ...
CEH Topics & Objectives 2009 - 2012 > Biodiversity
CEH Sections: Watt
ISSN: 1540-9295
NORA Subject Terms: Ecology and Environment
Health
Agriculture and Soil Science
Zoology
Biology and Microbiology
Date made live: 23 Apr 2013 14:44 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/501453

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