nerc.ac.uk

The impact of rural land management changes on soil hydraulic properties and runoff processes: results from experimental plots in upland UK

Marshall, M.R.; Ballard, C.E.; Frogbrook, Z.L.; Solloway, I.; McIntyre, N.; Reynolds, B.; Wheater, H.S.. 2014 The impact of rural land management changes on soil hydraulic properties and runoff processes: results from experimental plots in upland UK. Hydrological Processes, 28 (4). 2617-2629. 10.1002/hyp.9826

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract/Summary

To develop an evidence base to help predict the impacts of land management change on flood generation, four experimental sites were established on improved grassland used for sheep grazing at the Pontbren catchment in upland Wales, UK. At each site,three plots were established where surface runoff was measured, supplemented by measurements of soil infiltration rates and soil and vegetation physical properties. Following baseline monitoring, treatments were applied to two of the plots: exclusion of sheep (ungrazed) and exclusion of sheep and planting with native broadleaf tree species (tree planted), with the third plot acting as a control (grazed pasture). Due to a particularly dry summer that occurred pre-treatment, the soil hydrological responses were initially impacted by the effects of the climate on soil structure. Nevertheless, treatments did have a clear influence on soil hydrological response. On average, post-treatment runoff volumes were reduced by 48% and 78% in ungrazed and tree-planted plots relative to the control, although all results varied greatly over the sites. Five years following treatment application, near-surface soil bulk density was reduced and median soil infiltration rates were 67 times greater in plots planted with trees compared to grazed pasture. The results illustrate the potential use of upland land management for ameliorating local-scale flood generation but emphasise the need for long-term monitoring to more clearly separate the effects of land management from those of climatic variability.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1002/hyp.9826
Programmes: CEH Topics & Objectives 2009 - 2012 > Biogeochemistry
CEH Sections: Emmett
ISSN: 0885-6087
Additional Keywords: land management change, overland flow, infiltration rates, climatic variability, sheep grazing, broadleaf trees
NORA Subject Terms: Hydrology
Agriculture and Soil Science
Date made live: 19 Apr 2013 10:38 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/501346

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

Downloads for past 30 days

Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...