nerc.ac.uk

Paleo ice flow and subglacial meltwater dynamics in Pine Island Bay, West Antarctica

Nitsche, F.O.; Gohl, K.; Larter, R.D.; Hillenbrand, C.-D.; Kuhn, G.; Smith, J.A.; Jacobs, S.; Anderson, J.B.; Jakobsson, M.. 2013 Paleo ice flow and subglacial meltwater dynamics in Pine Island Bay, West Antarctica. The Cryosphere, 7 (1). 249-262. 10.5194/tc-7-249-2013

Before downloading, please read NORA policies.
[img]
Preview
Text
tc-7-249-2013.pdf - Published Version

Download (4MB) | Preview

Abstract/Summary

Increasing evidence for an elaborate subglacial drainage network underneath modern Antarctic ice sheets suggests that basal meltwater has an important influence on ice stream flow. Swath bathymetry surveys from previously glaciated continental margins display morphological features indicative of subglacial meltwater flow in inner shelf areas of some paleo ice stream troughs. Over the last few years several expeditions to the eastern Amundsen Sea embayment(West Antarctica) have investigated the paleo ice streams that extended from the Pine Island and Thwaites glaciers. A compilation of high-resolution swath bathymetry data from inner Pine Island Bay reveals details of a rough seabed topography including several deep channels that connect a series of basins. This complex basin and channel network is indicative of meltwater flow beneath the paleo-Pine Island and Thwaites ice streams, along with substantial subglacial water inflow from the east. This meltwater could have enhanced ice flow over the rough bedrock topography. Meltwater features diminish with the onset of linear features north of the basins. Similar features have previously been observed in several other areas, including the Dotson-Getz Trough (western Amundsen Sea embayment) and Marguerite Bay (SW Antarctic Peninsula), suggesting that these features may be widespread around the Antarctic margin and that subglacial meltwater drainage played a major role in past ice-sheet dynamics.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.5194/tc-7-249-2013
Programmes: BAS Programmes > Polar Science for Planet Earth (2009 - ) > Ice Sheets
ISSN: 1994-0424
Additional Information. Not used in RCUK Gateway to Research.: This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License together with an author copyright. This license does not conflict with the regulations of the Crown Copyright.
Date made live: 27 Mar 2013 14:56 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/500761

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

Downloads for past 30 days

Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...