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Carbon dioxide fluxes at an intensively cultivated temperate lowland peatland in the East Anglian Fens, UK

Morrison, R.; Cumming, A.M.J.; Taft, H.E.; Kaduk, J.; Page, S.E.; Jones, D.L.; Harding, R.J.; Balzter, H.. 2013 Carbon dioxide fluxes at an intensively cultivated temperate lowland peatland in the East Anglian Fens, UK. Biogeosciences Discussions, 10 (3). 4193-4223. 10.5194/bgd-10-4193-2013

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Abstract/Summary

This study reports the first recorded CO2 flux measurements of a drained and intensively cultivated lowland peatland in the East Anglian Fens (UK) using the eddy covariance technique. Measurements were made over a complete lettuce crop rotation and a subsequent fallow period. Maximum average daytime CO2 uptake and nocturnal loss rates were −10.39 and 7.63 μmol CO2 m−2 s−1, respectively. Daily CO2 budgets ranged from a net loss of 4.7 to a small net uptake of −1.23 g CO2-C m−2 d−1. Total vertical land/atmosphere CO2 losses were estimated at 227.11 ± 46.5 g CO2-C m−2 for a~120 day measurement period. Losses over a sixty day interval between field preparation and disking of the field at the end of the crop cycle were 74.22 ± 18.8 g CO2-C m−2. The site lost 152.89 ± 30.6 g CO2-C m−2 d−1 during a sixty day fallow period. Net ecosystem production was estimated at 117.72 ± 18.8 g CO2-C m−2 during the crop cycle and 270.61 ± 46.49 g CO2-C m−2 for the entire measurement period when harvested crop exports were accounted for. These results represent the first micrometeorological measurements obtained over degraded lowland peatland in Britain, and illustrate the scale of CO2 losses associated with agricultural production on temperate organic soils.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.5194/bgd-10-4193-2013
Programmes: CEH Topics & Objectives 2009 - 2012 > Biogeochemistry > BGC Topic 2 - Biogeochemistry and Climate System Processes > BGC - 2.2 - Measure and model surface atmosphere exchanges of energy ...
CEH Sections: Directors, SPCs
ISSN: 1810-6277
Additional Information. Not used in RCUK Gateway to Research.: Open Access paper - Official URL link provides full text
Additional Keywords: carbon dioxide, crops, peatland
NORA Subject Terms: Agriculture and Soil Science
Date made live: 07 Mar 2013 16:39 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/500298

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