nerc.ac.uk

An Early Cambrian archaeocyath–trilobite fauna in limestone erratics from the Upper Carboniferous Fitzroy Tillite Formation, Falkland Islands

Stone, P.; Thomson, M.R.A.; Rushton, A.W.A.. 2012 An Early Cambrian archaeocyath–trilobite fauna in limestone erratics from the Upper Carboniferous Fitzroy Tillite Formation, Falkland Islands. Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 102 (04). 201-225. 10.1017/S175569101101005X

Before downloading, please read NORA policies.
[img]
Preview
Text
TR1005 - RevisedText-June2012.pdf

Download (22MB) | Preview

Abstract/Summary

Rare clasts of limestone contained in the uppermost Carboniferous Fitzroy Tillite Formation of the Falkland Islands contain a rich Cambrian fauna of archaeocyaths together with a radiocyath and a few trilobites. Neither Cambrian strata nor limestone are present in the indigenous rock succession and the clasts are regarded as exotic erratics, introduced during the Permo-Carboniferous glaciation of southern Gondwana, prior to its Mesozoic break-up. Nineteen archaeocyath taxa have been identified, with seven (plus a radiocyath) occurring in a single clast. Trilobite identifications are less definitive, but they are compared to Yorkella and the Siberian genera Edelsteinaspis, Namanoia and Chondrinouyina. The archaeocyath fauna has an Australo–Antarctic character and the Transantarctic Mountains seem the most likely source for these unusual erratics. Most recent reconstructions of Gondwana rotate a Falklands microplate into a position between South Africa and East Antarctica. There, it is in proximity with the Eastern Cape Province, where tillites within the Permo-Carboniferous Dwyka Group are correlatives of the Fitzroy Tillite Formation, and the ‘Atlantic’ end of the Transantarctic Mountains. The Dwyka Group tillites also contain rare clasts of archaeocyathan limestone and the rotational reconstruction produces a continuity of the apparent ice-flow directions in South Africa and the Falkland Islands.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1017/S175569101101005X
Programmes: BGS Programmes 2010 > BGS Corporate
ISSN: 1755-6910
Date made live: 26 Feb 2013 15:03 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/500150

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

Downloads for past 30 days

Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...