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Simulating the long-term chemistry of an upland UK catchment: Major solutes and acidification

Tipping, E.; Lawlor, A. J.; Lofts, S.. 2006 Simulating the long-term chemistry of an upland UK catchment: Major solutes and acidification. Environmental Pollution, 141. 151-166. 10.1016/j.envpol.2005.08.018

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Abstract/Summary

CHUM-AM was used to investigate changes in soil and water chemical variables in four moorland sub-catchments in Cumbria UK, to which non-marine S deposition has declined by 65% since the 1970s. The principal processes represented in the model comprise N and S uptake and release, water movements, the binding of cations by soil organic matter, chemical interactions in solution, and chemical weathering. CHUM-AM reproduced reasonably well the current soil pH and pools of N and S, and changes in streamwater chemistry over the period 1970–2000, notably decreases in the concentrations of alkaline earth cations and sulphate, and increases in pH. The model also predicts streamwater pH–Al relationships in agreement with observations. Predictive calculations suggest that constant atmospheric deposition of N at present rates will lead to N saturation and re-acidification, whereas a 50% reduction in N would stabilise soil and streamwater pH at about the present levels. CHUM-AM accounts for recovery from acidification due to sulphur deposition, but predicts re-acidification if nitrogen deposition is not reduced.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1016/j.envpol.2005.08.018
Programmes: CEH Programmes pre-2009 publications > Other
CEH Sections: _ Ecological Processes & Modelling
ISSN: 0269-7491
Additional Keywords: Acidification, Catchment, Modelling, Nitrate leaching, Soil organic matter, Weathering
NORA Subject Terms: Hydrology
Atmospheric Sciences
Date made live: 21 Jun 2007 13:28
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/491

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