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A comparison of North American and Asian exposure-response data for ozone effects on crop yields

Emberson, L. D.; Bueker, P.; Ashmore, M. R.; Mills, G.; Jackson, L. S.; Agrawal, M.; Atikuzzaman, M. D.; Cinderby, S.; Engardt, M.; Jamir, C.; Kobayashi, K.; Oanh, N. T. K.; Quadir, F.; Wahid, A.. 2009 A comparison of North American and Asian exposure-response data for ozone effects on crop yields. Atmospheric Environment, 43 (12). 1945-1953. 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2009.01.005

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Abstract/Summary

Modelling-based studies to assess the extent and magnitude of ozone (O3) risk to agriculture in Asia suggest that yield losses of 5 to 20 % for important crops may be common in areas experiencing elevated O3 concentrations. These assessments have relied on European and North American dose-response relationships and hence assumed an equivalent Asian crop response to O3 for local cultivars, pollutant conditions and climate. To test this assumption we collated comparable dose-response data derived from fumigation, filtration and EDU experiments conducted in Asia on wheat, rice and leguminous crop species. These data are pooled and compared with equivalent North American dose-response relationships. The Asian data show that at ambient O3 concentrations found at the study sites (which vary between 30 and 80 ppb 4-8 hr growing season mean), yield losses for wheat, rice and legumes range between 5-48, 3-47 and 10-65 %, respectively. The results indicate that Asian grown wheat and rice cultivars are more sensitive to O3 than the North American dose-response relationships would suggest. For legumes the scatter in the data makes it difficult to reach any equivalent conclusion in relative sensitivities. As such, existing modelling-based risk assessments may have substantially underestimated the scale of the problem in Asia through use of North American derived dose-response relationships.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2009.01.005
Programmes: CEH Programmes pre-2009 publications > Biogeochemistry > BG03 Quantifying the growing threat to plant and human health from ground level ozone > BG03.1 Field Studies of Ozone Effects on Semi-Natural Vegetation
CEH Sections: Emmett
ISSN: 1352-2310
Additional Keywords: ozone, crop yield, Asia, rice, wheat, soybean, food security
NORA Subject Terms: Agriculture and Soil Science
Ecology and Environment
Date made live: 06 Apr 2009 12:03
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/4462

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