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Phytoplankton nutrition and related mixotrophy

Raven, J. A.; Maberly, S. C.. 2009 Phytoplankton nutrition and related mixotrophy. In: Likens, Gene E., (ed.) Encyclopedia of Inland Waters. Volume 3. Oxford, Elsevier, 192-196.

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Abstract/Summary

Phytoplankton organisms are, by definition, photosynthetic, and include cyanobacteria as well as algae. Most of the phytoplankton in inland waters obtain all of their energy from light, and their chemical requirements from dissolved inorganic solutes, i.e. are photolithotrophs. Growth rate limitation by resource supply in photolithotrophic phytoplankton can involve light, phosphate, combined nitrogen (except in cyanobacterial nitrogen-fixers), inorganic carbon and iron. Some phytoplankton organisms are mixotrophs, i.e. can obtain energy and carbon from organic compounds in the environment as well as from light and inorganic carbon. This category includes sapromixotrophs (using dissolved organic carbon) and phagomixotrophs (using particulate organic matter). Sapromixotrophy in phytoplankton is rarer in the natural environment that is the loss of organic matter by photolithotrophs. Phagomixotrophy also occurs in the natural environment, and can relate to the acquisition of phosphorus, iron and nitrogen as well as of organic carbon. Even in photolithotrophic phytoplankton cells phosphorus and combined nitrogen can be obtained from dissolved organic phosphate and organic nitrogen.

Item Type: Publication - Book Section
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1016/B978-012370626-3.00138-1
Programmes: CEH Programmes pre-2009 publications > Water > WA02 Quantifying processes that link water quality and quantity, biota and physical environment > WA02.3 Physico-chemical processes and effects on freshwater biot
CEH Sections: Parr
Additional Keywords: Phytoplankton, Ammonium, Chemoorganotrophy, Diazotrophy, Inorganic carbon, Iron, Mixotrophy, Nitrate, Organic carbon, Organic nitrogen, Organic phosphate, Phagomixotrophy, Phosphate, Photolithotrophy, Photosynthetically active radiation, Sapromixotrophy
NORA Subject Terms: Botany
Biology and Microbiology
Related URLs:
Date made live: 02 Apr 2009 14:53
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/4435

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